Optimizing Savonius Wind Turbine Performance: Analysis of Blade Number's Influence

Authors

  • M. Rizky Ananda Faculty of Science and Technology, Sulthan Thaha Saifuddin State Islamic University Jambi

Keywords:

Savonius wind turbine, Blade number, Performance analysis, Renewable energy, Design optimization

Abstract

This research investigates the impact of blade number on the performance characteristics of Savonius wind turbines, shedding light on optimal design configurations and operational considerations. Through a combination of experimental testing and computational simulations, the study systematically analyzes key performance metrics including power output, torque generation, rotational speed, and efficiency across varying blade configurations. Findings reveal nuanced relationships between blade number and turbine performance, with implications for design optimization and operational adaptability. While turbines with a higher number of blades demonstrate advantages in terms of energy capture and torque production, they may also encounter challenges related to stability and efficiency. Conversely, turbines with fewer blades exhibit superior rotational dynamics and efficiency under certain conditions but may face limitations at higher wind speeds. The study underscores the importance of holistic optimization approaches that balance competing objectives and trade-offs in turbine design. Looking ahead, collaborative efforts between academia, industry, and government stakeholders are essential to drive innovation and realize the full potential of Savonius wind turbines as a viable, sustainable energy solution for a greener future.

References

Boulouiha, H. M., Allali, A., & Denai, M. (2017). Grid integration of wind energy systems: Control design, stability, and power quality issues. In Clean energy for sustainable development (pp. 239–335). Elsevier.

Constable, G., & Somerville, B. (2003). A century of innovation: Twenty engineering achievements that transformed our lives. Joseph Henry Press.

De Luca, E., Nardi, C., Giuffrida, L. G., Krug, M., & Di Nucci, M. R. (2020). Explaining factors leading to community acceptance of wind energy. Results of an expert assessment. Energies, 13(8), 2119.

Dixit, U. S., Hazarika, M., & Davim, J. P. (2017). A brief history of mechanical engineering. Springer.

Ghasemian, M., Ashrafi, Z. N., & Sedaghat, A. (2017). A review on computational fluid dynamic simulation techniques for Darrieus vertical axis wind turbines. Energy Conversion and Management, 149, 87–100.

Haines, A., Smith, K. R., Anderson, D., Epstein, P. R., McMichael, A. J., Roberts, I., Wilkinson, P., Woodcock, J., & Woods, J. (2007). Policies for accelerating access to clean energy, improving health, advancing development, and mitigating climate change. The Lancet, 370(9594), 1264–1281.

Hameed, Z., Ahn, S.-H., & Cho, Y. M. (2010). Practical aspects of a condition monitoring system for a wind turbine with emphasis on its design, system architecture, testing and installation. Renewable Energy, 35(5), 879–894.

Hirsh, R. F., & Sovacool, B. K. (2013). Wind turbines and invisible technology: unarticulated reasons for local opposition to wind energy. Technology and Culture, 54(4), 705–734.

Joseph, J., Pant, P., & Omkar, S. N. (2020). Optimisation framework for distinctive vertical AxisWind turbine blade generation using hybrid multi-objective genetic algorithms and deep neural networks. AIAA AVIATION 2020 FORUM, 3119.

Kang, C., Liu, H., & Yang, X. (2014). Review of fluid dynamics aspects of Savonius-rotor-based vertical-axis wind rotors. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 33, 499–508.

Kothe, L. B., Möller, S. V., & Petry, A. P. (2020). Numerical and experimental study of a helical Savonius wind turbine and a comparison with a two-stage Savonius turbine. Renewable Energy, 148, 627–638.

Krogstad, P., & Lund, J. A. (2012). An experimental and numerical study of the performance of a model turbine. Wind Energy, 15(3), 443–457.

Kumar, P. M., Ajit, K. R., Surya, M. R., Srikanth, N., & Lim, T.-C. (2017). On the self starting of Darrieus turbine: An experimental investigation with secondary rotor. 2017 Asian Conference on Energy, Power and Transportation Electrification (ACEPT), 1–7.

Kumar, Y., Ringenberg, J., Depuru, S. S., Devabhaktuni, V. K., Lee, J. W., Nikolaidis, E., Andersen, B., & Afjeh, A. (2016). Wind energy: Trends and enabling technologies. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 53, 209–224.

Lee, J. L. (2001). Into the wind: A history of the American wind tunnel, 1896–1941. Auburn University.

Maldar, N. R., Ng, C. Y., & Oguz, E. (2020). A review of the optimization studies for Savonius turbine considering hydrokinetic applications. Energy Conversion and Management, 226, 113495.

McLean, D. (2017). Development of the Dual-Vertical-Axis wind turbine with active blade pitch control. Concordia University.

Micallef, D., & Van Bussel, G. (2018). A review of urban wind energy research: aerodynamics and other challenges. Energies, 11(9), 2204.

Nimvari, M. E., Fatahian, H., & Fatahian, E. (2020). Performance improvement of a Savonius vertical axis wind turbine using a porous deflector. Energy Conversion and Management, 220, 113062.

Penna, A. N. (2019). A History of Energy Flows: from human labor to renewable power. Routledge.

Righter, R. W. (1996). Wind energy in America: A history. University of Oklahoma Press.

Saidur, R., Islam, M. R., Rahim, N. A., & Solangi, K. H. (2010). A review on global wind energy policy. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14(7), 1744–1762.

Sun, A. (2012). Programmable surfaces. Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Süsser, D., Döring, M., & Ratter, B. M. W. (2017). Harvesting energy: Place and local entrepreneurship in community-based renewable energy transition. Energy Policy, 101, 332–341.

Wang, X., & Zou, Z. (2019). Uncertainty analysis of impact of geometric variations on turbine blade performance. Energy, 176, 67–80.

Winter, C.-J. (2009). Hydrogen energy—Abundant, efficient, clean: A debate over the energy-system-of-change. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 34(14), S1–S52.

Yaramasu, V., Wu, B., Sen, P. C., Kouro, S., & Narimani, M. (2015). High-power wind energy conversion systems: State-of-the-art and emerging technologies. Proceedings of the IEEE, 103(5), 740–788.

Zehner, O. (2012). Green illusions: the dirty secrets of clean energy and the future of environmentalism. U of Nebraska Press.

Zhou, T., & Rempfer, D. (2013). Numerical study of detailed flow field and performance of Savonius wind turbines. Renewable Energy, 51, 373–381.

Downloads

Published

2024-04-18

How to Cite

M. Rizky Ananda. (2024). Optimizing Savonius Wind Turbine Performance: Analysis of Blade Number’s Influence. Jurnal Mekintek : Jurnal Mekanikal, Energi, Industri, Dan Teknologi, 15(1), 19–26. Retrieved from http://ejournal.isha.or.id/index.php/Mekintek/article/view/284